Large Diameter Long Bored Piles in the Mekong Delta

Cover Image


Static loading tests, O-cell tests, were performed on two long, strain-gage instrumented, bored piles in HoChiMinh City, Vietnam, where a series of twelve apartment towers were to be constructed. The test piles were constructed to 76 and 91 m depth and tested to maximum O-cell loads of 10 and 18 MN, respectively. For both piles, the O-cell level was placed at a depth of about 20 % of the pile length above the pile toe. The soil profile consisted of very soft organic clay to about 10 to 15 m depth underlain by firm to stiff clayey soil to about 25 to 45 m depth. Hereunder, the soil consisted of a compact to dense sandy silt. Neither of the tests was able to fully engage the shaft resistance of the piles above the O-cell level, but did so below the O-cell level. Back-calculation of the load distributions determined from the strain-gage measurements showed the shaft resistance, even where fully mobilized, to be very small: the beta-coefficient applied in an effective stress analysis was only about 0.13 to 0.14. The evaluations of shaft resistance development showed a maximum shear resistance to occur after a movement of only 3 to 4 mm, after which the response became plastic and strain-softening. The toe resistance was very low because the construction had left soil debris at the bottom of the drilled hole. Ongoing regional settlement leads to concerns about the possibility for the production piles to have a similarly low toe resistance. This would locate the neutral plane of the shorter piles in settling soil and create a downdrag situation for the piled foundation.


Mekong Delta, O-cell test, strain-gage evaluation, bored piles, shaft resistance, settlement, beta coefficient


Fellenius, B. H., Hai, N. M. (2015). Large Diameter Long Bored Piles in the Mekong Delta, Vol. 2, Issue 3, p.196-207. doi: 10.4417/IJGCH-02-03-02


Copyright © 2004-2018 Elxis s.a. All rights reserved. Powered by Argo-E LLC.